how pollution affects animals
To give you all the information about pollution is close to impossible. Pollution comes in many varieties. On this web-page we try to show you some of the things that are causing pollution.On the web-page Pollution effects we try to show you how our lives are changed by pollution. One of the high ranking pollution reasons is: Every year Humans:are burning fossil fuelsreleasing more greenhouse gasesreleasing more toxic metalsthan all volcanoes on Earth in the last ten thousand years.
Every year humans cut down more trees.Every year humans raise more animals to have more meat.Every year more humans ask for food and shelter.Every year humans take out more food out of the oceans.Every year humans are using more electricity.Every year humans ask for more oil / gasoline.Every year humans use more chemicals to kill unwanted animals and plants.Every year humans produce more plastic than ever before.
Every year humans build more roads and houses.Every year the area of landfills is increasingEvery year more waste-burning-facities are build In cities are 3 main sources of pollutants:1) Transportation mainly automobiles, trucks, buses2) Burning in stationary sources, including residential, commercial, and industrial heating and cooling3) Coal-burning power plants and trash incinerators. In some states even trash-barrel-burning is lawful .
.Science data show that low-temperature-burning is damaging to human and animal health!Motor vehicles produce high levels of carbon monoxides (CO) and a major source of hydrocarbons (HC) and nitrogen oxides (NOx).Burning in stationary sources is the dominant source of sulfur dioxide (SO2) and dioxins - 1 millionth of an ounce will kill a human!Power plants emit about 90% of the sulfur dioxide and 57% of the nitrogen oxides in the US.
Chlorofluorocarbons CFCs, also known as Freons, are greenhouse gases that contribute to global warming.Photochemical air pollution is commonly referred to as "smog".Smog is causing Asthma, lung cancer, heart disease and harms the grow-up process of children. Pollutants are emitted in completely different ways.Air pollution is mainly emitted though the exhaust of motor vehicles, the combustion of fossil fuels, the burning of coal and oil.
Most of the pollution from coal burning on Earth, comes from the production of electricity. Water pollution is the result of industrial waste, environmental accidentsand greed for profit without responsibility.All societies know that pollution is harmful and a serious problem for Earth but many people are self centered, not caring for others! On the web-page Pollution effects we try to show you how our lives are changed by pollution.
BSB members from all over Earth have reported their temperature readings.2016 was the warmest year on record Mauna Loa Observatory, HawaiiAtmospheric CO2 measured in parts per million (ppm)Never before in human history, Earth had CO2 levels that highBSB science education gives answers!Climate facts: In the last 12 years we hit 11 weather records!!We faced the warmest months since US-weather records were written down!RECORD: the 400 ppm level was already broken, now a new RECORD on CO2: 14 months above 400 PPM, March 28th 2017 above 409 ppm - very dangerous Carbon dioxide levels endangering us and our children!!RECORD: The highest level since humans occupied Earth!Can you see a trend?? Texas is always good for a record!The Electric Reliability Council of Texas, set many many new records in the last 5 years for peak demand!Attached to these RECORDS are multiple air pollution records! Oil in the Gulf of MexicoIn May 2010 the biggest environmental disaster in US-history happened in the Gulf of Mexico.
Coast lines of Texas Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Florida were contaminated by oil! Everybody can contribute to prevention. Many small steps can make a big difference!Pollution solutions include: People everywhere on Earth should obey environmental laws, laws that protect their families, their neighbors, their friends. Government involvement is key to regulating toxins, building waste systems and protecting air and waters.
Responsible behavior of the individual can make all the changes needed. - - Responsibility is born when the love for others grows stronger than the love for yourself - Peter Bonenberger - elected president Bear Springs Blossom Nature ConservationSee Also: Printable Totem Pole Animals
From a jungle of rain-washed pines and junipers spearing the recent blueness of the Florida sky, ran a small, tawny-haired boy. His bare feet, extending from his overalled legs, crackled against the fallen palmettos. He leaped into the air, flinging his arms toward a flock of white doves circling higher than him.
The zoo is going to be an awesome option area in order for you to have animals shots without having acquiring a trip to safari in summer. You could consider their shots from the secure bench that is certainly offered in close proximity to the cages. To help make you accomplishment in taking the photographs of animals that you want, you are able to abide by the following ideas.
Pollution effects are indeed many and wide-ranging.There is no doubt that excessive levels of pollution are causing a lot of damage to human & animal health, tropical rainforests, as well as the wider environment. Playing With Pollution© Olivier Meerson All types of pollution – air, water and soil pollution – have an impact on the living environment. The effects in living organisms may range from mild discomfort to serious diseases such as cancer to physical deformities; ex.
, extra or missing limbs in frogs. Experts admit that pollution effects are quite often underestimated and that more research is needed to understand the connections between pollution and its effects on all life forms. Environmental Pollution Effects on Humans We know that pollution causes not only physical disabilities but also psychological and behavioral disorders in people. We are discussing the effects of air pollution and specific air pollutants in more detail in our Air Pollution Effects article.
The following pollution effects on humans have been reported: Air Pollution Effects (Ref. 1, 2) Reduced lung functioning Irritation of eyes, nose, mouth and throat Asthma attacks Respiratory symptoms such as coughing and wheezing Increased respiratory disease such as bronchitis Reduced energy levels Headaches and dizziness Disruption of endocrine, reproductive and immune systems Neurobehavioral disorders Cardiovascular problems Cancer Premature death Water Pollution Effects (Ref.
3) Waterborne diseases caused by polluted drinking water: Typhoid Amoebiasis Giardiasis Ascariasis Hookworm Waterborne diseases caused by polluted beach water: Rashes, ear ache, pink eye Respiratory infections Hepatitis, encephalitis, gastroenteritis, diarrhoea, vomiting, and stomach aches Conditions related to water polluted by chemicals (such as pesticides, hydrocarbons, persistent organic pollutants, heavy metals etc): Cancer, incl.
prostate cancer and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma Hormonal problems that can disrupt reproductive and developmental processes Damage to the nervous system Liver and kidney damage Damage to the DNA Exposure to mercury (heavy metal): In the womb: may cause neurological problems including slower reflexes, learning deficits, delayed or incomplete mental development, autism and brain damage In adults: Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis, Alzheimer’s disease, heart disease, and even death Other notes: Water pollution may also result from interactions between water and contaminated soil, as well as from deposition of air contaminants (such as acid rain) Damage to people may be caused by fish foods coming from polluted water (a well known example is high mercury levels in fish) Damage to people may be caused by vegetable crops grown / washed with polluted water (author’s own conclusion) Soil Pollution Effects (Ref.
4) Causes cancers including leukaemia Lead in soil is especially hazardous for young children causing developmental damage to the brain Mercury can increase the risk of kidney damage; cyclodienes can lead to liver toxicity Causes neuromuscular blockage as well as depression of the central nervous system Also causes headaches, nausea, fatigue, eye irritation and skin rash Other notes: Contact with contaminated soil may be direct (from using parks, schools etc) or indirect (by inhaling soil contaminants which have vaporized) Soil pollution may also result from secondary contamination of water supplies and from deposition of air contaminants (for example, via acid rain) Contamination of crops grown in polluted soil brings up problems with food security Since it is closely linked to water pollution, many effects of soil contamination appear to be similar to the ones caused by water contamination An Extreme Oil Pollution Case Pollution of pristine Ecuador rainforest by Texaco / Chevron oil corporation represents perhaps one of the most outrageous cases of oil pollution ever.
Some levels of pollutants left by the company on its sites of oil exploration have been calculated to exceed the US safety standards by as much as 1,000 times, causing such side effects as children born with fused fingers and deformed eyes, high cancer rates, etc. For more details, check out the Oil Pollution of Ecuador Rainforest article. Environmental Pollution Effects on Animals Effects of Pollution on Animals - Air Pollution (Ref.
5) Acid rain (formed in the air) destroys fish life in lakes and streams Excessive ultraviolet radiation coming from the sun through the ozone layer in the upper atmosphere which is eroded by some air pollutants, may cause skin cancer in wildlife Ozone in the lower atmosphere may damage lung tissues of animals Effects of Pollution on Animals - Water Pollution (Ref. 6) Nutrient pollution (nitrogen, phosphates etc) causes overgrowth of toxic algae eaten by other aquatic animals, and may cause death; nutrient pollution can also cause outbreaks of fish diseases Chemical contamination can cause declines in frog biodiversity and tadpole mass Oil pollution (as part of chemical contamination) can negatively affect development of marine organisms, increase susceptibility to disease and affect reproductive processes; can also cause gastrointestinal irritation, liver and kidney damage, and damage to the nervous system Mercury in water can cause abnormal behavior, slower growth and development, reduced reproduction, and death Persistent organic pollutants (POPs) may cause declines, deformities and death of fish life Too much sodium chloride (ordinary salt) in water may kill animals (Ref.
7) Other notes: Effects of Pollution on Animals - Soil Pollution (Ref. 8) Can alter metabolism of microorganisms and arthropods in a given soil environment; this may destroy some layers of the primary food chain, and thus have a negative effect on predator animal species Small life forms may consume harmful chemicals which may then be passed up the food chain to larger animals; this may lead to increased mortality rates and even animal extinction Environmental Pollution Effects on Trees and Plants Air Pollution (Ref.
9) Acid rain can kill trees, destroy the leaves of plants, can infiltrate soil by making it unsuitable for purposes of nutrition and habitation Ozone holes in the upper atmosphere can allow excessive ultraviolet radiation from the sun to enter the Earth causing damage to trees and plants Ozone in the lower atmosphere can prevent plant respiration by blocking stomata (openings in leaves) and negatively affecting plants’ photosynthesis rates which will stunt plant growth; ozone can also decay plant cells directly by entering stomata Water Pollution May disrupt photosynthesis in aquatic plants and thus affecting ecosystems that depend on these plants (Ref.
10) Terrestrial and aquatic plants may absorb pollutants from water (as their main nutrient source) and pass them up the food chain to consumer animals and humans Plants may be killed by too much sodium chloride (ordinary slat) in water (Ref. 11) Plants may be killed by mud from construction sites as well as bits of wood and leaves, clay and other similar materials (Ref. 12) Plants may be killed by herbicides in water; herbicides are chemicals which are most harmful to plants (Ref.
13) Soil Pollution Environmental Pollution Effects on Wider Environment Apart from destroying the aquatic life in lakes and streams, acid rain can also corrode metals, damage surfaces of buildings and monuments, and cause soil acidification. Pollution of water may cause oxygen depletion in marine environments and severely affect the health of whole ecosystems. (Ref. 15) How Does The Environment ReactTo Different Pollution Levels? Miguel A.
Santos notes that a very important aspect of the effect of pollution is its dose (or concentration) required to cause environmental damage. (Ref. 16) He defines pollution response as “the change in the effect of a pollutant in response to a change in its concentration”. (Ref. 17) In this respect, he identifies 3 different types of response evoked by the environment to different pollution concentrations: (Ref.
18) In the linear effect, environmental damage increases linearly with pollution concentrations. In other words, “ the total damage or risk is directly proportional to the accumulated exposure”. (Ref. 19) This effect occurs with radioactive substances as well as mercury, lead, cadmium and asbestos. In the greater-than-linear effect, environmental damage increases with an increase in pollution concentrations but at a decreasing rate.
This means that, as pollution concentrations continue to increase the environmental damage will continue to decrease. (Ref. 20) This is the case with thermal pollution. In the threshold effect, pollution produces no effect until a certain threshold in pollution concentrations is achieved. In other words, “so long as a given threshold is not exceeded, the damage from pollution would be completely repaired as quickly as it is produced”.
(Ref. 21) This effect is found with biodegradable pollutants. It is also important to mention synergistic effects of pollutants on the environment. While interacting with each other, pollutants can produce greater impacts than when acting individually. (Ref. 22) A good example of that is a synergy between asbestos exposure and smoking in causing lung cancer. (Ref. 23) More Pictures of Pollution Effects Oil Barrel Pollution Amazon Rainforest on Fire Tide of Ignorance Written by: Irina Bright of Tropical-Rainforest-Animals.
com Publication Date: April 2008 Updates: October 2012 © Irina Bright & Tropical-Rainforest-Animals.com Find out how to cite and make references to this article!