endangered animals in india
According to the Red Data List of International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), there are 48 critically endangered species in India (as of 5 September 2011). The Red List of 2012 was released at the Rio+20 Earth Summit . It contains 132 species of plants and animals in India listed as critically endangered. Critically endangered in India Arthropoda Rameshwaram parachute spider (Poecilotheria hanumavilasumica) Peacock tarantula (Poecilotheria metallica) Birds White-bellied heron (Ardea insignis) Great Indian bustard (Ardeotis nigriceps) Forest owlet (Athene blewitti) Baer's pochard (Aythya baeri) Spoon-billed sandpiper (Calidris pygmaea) Siberian crane (Grus leucogeranus) White-rumped vulture (Gyps bengalensis) Indian vulture (Gyps indicus) Slender-billed vulture (Gyps tenuirostris) Bengal florican (Houbaropsis bengalensis) Bugun liocichla (Liocichla bugunorum) Himalayan quail (Ophrysia superciliosa) Jerdon's courser (Rhinoptilus bitorquatus) Pink-headed duck (Rhodonessa caryophyllacea) Red-headed vulture (Sarcogyps calvus) Sociable lapwing (Vanellus gregarius) Fish Wayanad mahseer (Barbodes wynaadensis) Pondicherry shark (Carcharhinus hemiodon) Ganges shark (Glyphis gangeticus) Glyptothorax kashmirensis (Glyptothorax kashmirensis) Kudremukh glyptothorax (Glyptothorax kudremukhensis) Nilgiri Mystus (Hemibagrus punctatus) Horalabiosa arunachalami (Horalabiosa arunachalami) Hypselobarbus pulchellus (Hypselobarbus pulchellus) Red Canarese barb (Hypselobarbus thomassi) Deccan labeo (Labeo potail) Mesonoemacheilus herrei (Mesonoemacheilus herrei) Bovany barb (Neolissochilus bovanicus) Deolali minnow (Parapsilorhynchus prateri) Pookode Lake barb (Pethia pookodensis) Common sawfish (Pristis pristis) Largetooth sawfish (Pristis microdon) Longcomb sawfish (Pristis zijsron) Psilorhynchus tenura (Psilorhynchus tenura) Deccan barb (Puntius deccanensis) Schistura papulifera (Schistura papulifera) Insects Pygmy Hog Sucking Louse (Haematopinus oliveri) Reptiles and amphibians Madras spotted skink (Barkudia insularis) Northern river terrapin (Batagur baska) Red-crowned roofed turtle (Batagur kachuga) Cnemaspis anaikattiensis(Cnemaspis anaikattiensis) Hawksbill sea turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata) Gharial (Gavialis gangeticus) Ghats wart frog (Fejervarya murthii) Jeypore ground gecko (Geckoella jeyporensis) Gundia Indian frog (Indirana gundia) Toad-skinned frog (Indirana phrynoderma) Charles Darwin's frog (Ingerana charlesdarwini) Rao's torrent frog (Micrixalus kottigeharensis) Dattatreya night frog (Nyctibatrachus dattatreyaensis) Sacred grove bushfrog (Philautus sanctisilvaticus) Amboli bush frog (Pseudophilautus amboli) White-spotted bush frog (Raorchestes chalazodes) Green eyed bushfrog (Raorchestes chlorosomma) Griet bush frog (Raorchestes griet) Kaikatti bushfrog (Raorchestes kaikatti) Mark's bushfrog (Raorchestes marki) Munnar bush frog (Raorchestes munnarensis) Ponmudi bush frog (Raorchestes ponmudi) Resplendent shrubfrog (Raorchestes resplendens) Shillong bubble-nest frog (Raorchestes shillongensis) Anaimalai flying frog (Rhacophorus pseudomalabaricus) Sushil's bushfrog (Raorchestes sushili) Amboli toad (Xanthophryne tigerina) Ghats wart frog (Zakerana murthii) Mammals Asiatic cheetah} (Acinonyx jubatus venaticus) [a] Namdapha flying squirrel (Biswamoyopterus biswasi) Himalayan wolf ("Canis himalayensis") Elvira rat (Cremnomys elvira) Andaman shrew (Crocidura andamanensis) Jenkins' shrew (Crocidura jenkinsi) Nicobar shrew (Crocidura nicobarica) Northern Sumatran rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis lasiotis) [a] Chinese pangolin (Manis pentadactyla) Kondana soft-furred rat (Millardia kondana) Pygmy hog (Porcula salvania) Indian Javan rhinoceros (Rhinoceros sondaicus inermis) [a] Malabar large-spotted civet (Viverra civettina) Endangered Fish Knifetooth sawfish (Anoxypristis cuspidata) Asian arowana (Scleropages formosus) Red line torpedo barb (Sahyadria denisonii) Golden Mahaseer (Tor putitora) Birds Steppe Eagle (Aquila nipalensis) Great Knot (Calidris tenuirostris) Masked Finfoot (Heliopais personatus) Greater Adjutant (Leptoptilos dubius) White-bellied Blue Robin (Myiomela albiventris) Nilgiri Blue Robin (Myiomela major) White-headed Duck (Oxyura leucocephala) Green Peafowl (Pavo muticus) Narcondam hornbill (Rhyticero) Spotted Greenshank (Tringa guttifer) Banasura Laughingthrush (Trochalopteron jerdoni) Reptiles Perrotet's Vine Snake (Ahaetulla perroteti) Three-striped Roofed Turtle (Batagur dhongoka) Green Turtle (Chelonia mydas) Indian Narrow-headed Softshell Turtle (Chitra indica) Goan Day Gecko (Cnemaspis goaensis) Wyanad Day Gecko (Cnemaspis wynadensis) Keeled Box Turtle (Cuora mouhotii) Boulenger's Dasia (Dasia subcaerulea) Poona Skink (Eurylepis poonaensis) Inger's Mabuya (Eutropis clivicola) Yellow-headed Tortoise (Indotestudo elongata) Asian forest tortoise (Manouria emys) Indian Kangaroo Lizard (Otocryptis beddomii) Assam Roofed Turtle (Pangshura sylhetensis) Asian Giant Softshell Turtle (Pelochelys cantorii) Travancore Hills Thorntail Snake (Platyplectrurus madurensis) Travancore Earth Snake (Rhinophis travancoricus) Cochin Forest Cane Turtle (Vijayachelys silvatica) Mammals Red panda (Ailurus fulgens) Sei whale (Balaenoptera borealis) Blue whale (Balaenoptera musculus) Fin whale (Balaenoptera physalus) Banteng (Bos javanicus) Wild water buffalo (Bubalus arnee) Hispid hare (Caprolagus hispidus) Dhole (Cuon alpinus) Indian elephant (Elephas maximus indicus) Woolly flying squirrel (Eupetaurus cinereus) Kolar leaf-nosed bat (Hipposideros hypophyllus) Lion-tailed macaque (Macaca silenus) White-bellied musk deer (Moschus leucogaster) Servant mouse (Mus famulus) Mandelli's mouse-eared bat (Myotis sicarius) Nilgiri tahr (Nilgiritragus hylocrius) Asiatic lion (Panthera leo persica) Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) Ganges river dolphin (Platanista gangetica gangetica) Gee's golden langur (Trachypithecus geei) Nicobar treeshrew (Tupaia nicobarica) Vulnerable Listed by the IUCN As of 2012: Mammals Gaur (Bos gaurus) Yak (Bos grunhniens) Takin (Budorcas taxicolor) Barasingha (Rucervus duvaucelii) Clouded leopard (Neofelis nebulosa) Dugong (Dugong dugon) Sun bear (Helarctos malayanus) Stump-tailed macaque (Macaca arctoides) Marbled cat (Pardofelis marmorata) Sperm whale (Physeter macrocephalus) Rusty-spotted cat (Prionailurus rubiginosus) Indian rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis) Snow leopard (Uncia uncia) Birds Sarus crane (Antigone antigone) Nicobar megapode (Megapodius nicobariensis) Dalmatian pelican (Pelecanus crispus) Reptiles and amphibians Olive ridley sea turtle Notes ^ a b c Extinct from India See also Fauna of India Mammals of India Endangered mammals of India References ^ "Extinction Animals (Press Release)".
Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India. 2012-01-01. Retrieved 2011-09-05. ^ Red list has 132 species of plants, animals from India ^ http://www.iucnredlist.org/current-news ^ Extinction threat 'a call to world leaders' at Rio Earth Summit ^ "Endangered Mammal List". Wildlife Institute of India (WII). Archived from the original on 2007-07-04. Retrieved 2007-08-06. v t e Threatened species by region By region Blue-listed Environmental Vulnerability Index Regional Red List Australasia Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 ROTAP Threatened Species Protection Act 1995 Threatened ecological community Trade in Endangered Species Act 1989 Canada Species at Risk Act Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada Europe European Endangered Species Programme Funds for Endangered Parrots South Africa Endangered Wildlife Trust United States Distinct population segment Endangered Species Act of 1973 Endangered Species Act Amendments of 1978 Endangered species recovery plan Endangered Wolf Center National Wildlife Refuge NatureServe conservation status The Nature Conservancy Lists Asia List of endangered and protected species of China Endangered mammals of India List of endangered animals in India List of endangered species in Pakistan List of threatened species of the Philippines List of endangered species in Vietnam Europe Threatened mammals of Europe Endangered plants of Europe List of United Kingdom Biodiversity Action Plan species List of extinct and endangered species of Italy List of extinct and endangered species of Lithuania North America List of endangered plants in North America List of endangered species in North America Endangered mammals and birds of the United States List of threatened mammals of the United States List of threatened birds of the United States List of threatened reptiles and amphibians of the United States Elsewhere Threatened fauna of Australia List of threatened flora of Australia List of endangered flora of Brazil List of threatened mammals of Brazil List of threatened birds of Brazil v t e Threatened species Template: Threatened species by region IUCN Red List Categories1 Extinct Extinct (EX) Extinct in the Wild (EW) Threatened Critically Endangered (CR) Endangered (EN) Vulnerable (VU) Lower risk Near Threatened (NT) Least Concern (LC) Lower Risk (LR) Conservation Dependent (LR/cd) Not fully assessed Data Deficient (DD) Not Evaluated (NE) Species Lists Extinct Extinct in the Wild Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable Near Threatened Least Concern Data Deficient WP categories Extinct Extinct in the Wild Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable Near Threatened Least Concern Data Deficient CITES Appendix I Appendix II Appendix III By taxa Endangered arthropods / spiders Threatened Banksia / rays / sharks / Fungi / Chromista The World's 25 Most Endangered Primates The world's 100 most threatened species Conservation Biodiversity action plan Biodiversity threats Conservation biology CITES ARKive Bird conservation Conservation status Conservation-reliant species Ecoregion conservation status Habitat destruction Latent extinction risk Rare species Vulnerability and susceptibility 1 Pre-2001 categories and subcategories shown in italics.
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_endangered_animals_in_India&oldid=821562106"See Also: Animation Studios In Atlanta
From a jungle of rain-washed pines and junipers spearing the hot blueness on the Florida sky, ran a small, tawny-haired boy. His bare toes, extending from his overalled legs, crackled against the fallen palmettos. He leaped into the air, flinging his arms towards a flock of white doves circling higher than him.
The zoo will likely be a great alternate place if you want to receive animals pics without the need of acquiring a visit to safari in summer season. You may get their images while in the protected bench that is certainly readily available in close proximity to the cages. To create you success in taking the photographs of animals that you would like, you may stick to the subsequent recommendations.
Here is a list of critically endangered animals in India and this does not limited to land animals only, there are several marine species that are undergoing rapid population decline. Some of the foremost reasons for the decline is widespread hunting, overfishing, and pollution. Let’s take a look at these critically endangered animals. 1Sumatran Rhinoceros Sumatran Rhinoceros (Courtesy wwf.panda.
org) The Sumatran rhino belongs to the family of Rhinocerotidae and is one of the five extant rhino species. Of all the rhinoceros family, Sumatran rhino is the smallest member. The shoulder height of Sumatran rhino measures around 112 – 145 cm (3.67 – 4.76 feet), with the length measuring at 2.36 – 3.18 meters (7.7 – 10.4 feet) excluding tail. They have a tail measuring up to 35 – 70 cm (14 – 28 inches).
The weight of these species measure around 500 – 1,000 kg (1,100 – 2,200 lb), along with the mean weight measuring at 700 – 800 kg (1,500 – 1,800 lb), the heaviest measured at 2,000 kg (4,400 lb). The Sumatran rhinoceros, like other rhinos, display two horns that typically measures at 15 – 25 cm (5.9 – 9.8 inches). The Sumatran rhinos once lived in the swamps, cloud forests, and tropical rainforests in Bhutan, India, Myanmar, Laos, Thailand, Indonesia, China, and Bangladesh.
In the primitive times, these animals dwelled in the southwest China. Unfortunately they are now critically endangered species as no more than 275 individuals are left in the wild. The Sumatran rhino is mostly a solitary species except for the courtship and offspring-rearing. 2Hawksbill Sea Turtle | Endangered Animals in India Hawksbill Sea Turtle The hawksbill sea turtle belongs to the family of Cheloniidae and is critically endangered species.
These turtles inhabit all throughout the Pacific range and are also found in Atlantic and indo-pacific regions. The hawksbill sea turtles look very much similar to that of aquatic turtles. In general, they have horizontal body together with flipper-like arms that supports them for swimming. Depending entirely on the water temperature, the hawksbill shells fairly change their colors. They spend most of their time in shallow lagoons and coral reefs.
On the negative side, the population of these turtles faced drastic decline thus making them endangered species. Human fishing practices are mainly responsible for this much reduction. 3Gharial Gharial Crocodile The gharial is a crocodile that belongs to the family of Gavialidae and is endemic to the Indian Subcontinent. Gharial is also known as fish-eating crocodile. Since the crocodile underwent both chronic as well as rapid short-term decline it is listed as critically endangered species by the IUCN.
These species are very small at birth; hatchlings measure around 37 cm (15 inches), but they can reach a length of 1 meter (3.3 feet) in about eighteen months. The mean weight is up to 159 – 250 kg (350 – 550 lb). The length of the males measures around 3 – 5 meters (9.8 – 16 feet), while females reach a length of 2.7 – 3.75 meters (8.9 – 12.3 feet). One of the largest gharial crocodiles was hunted in Gogra River of Faizabad in 1927 measuring at 6.
5 meters (21 feet). These species are too quick underwater. They are known to reach a speed of 40 km/h (25 mph) 4Ganges Shark | Endangered Animals in India Ganges Shark The Ganges shark is a rare species of requiem shark that is native to the Ganges River of India. However, since bull shark and Ganges shark dwells in the Ganges River, Ganges sharks are also referred to as bull shark which is incorrect.
Ganges shark is characterized by its wide rounded and small eyes. These shark species display gray-brownish color, lacking marked pattern. True to its name, Ganges shark inhabit in the waters of western and northeastern India; West Bengal Ganges Brahmaputra, Hooghly River, Bihar, Orissa, Assam, and Mahanadi in particular. These sharks are only found in inshore marine, freshwater, and estuarine systems.
The length of the Ganges shark is 55 – 60 cm at birth with the maximum length it reaches is 2 meters (6.6 feet). They are classified as highly endangered species by the IUCN. Widespread overfishing and hunting makes these fish at the verge of extinction. 5Asiatic Lion | Endangered Animals in India Asiatic Lion (Courtesy thehindu.com) The Asiatic lion also called Indian Lion, is a subspecies of a lion.
These lions are usually found in the Gir Forests of Gujarat (India). Asiatic lions are placed amongst the five major extant cats in India such as clouded leopard, tiger, snow leopard, and Bengal tiger. These lions inhabit all along the northeast Indian Subcontinent. The adult males reach a length of 2.92 meters (115 inches) and this length extends up to the tip of its tail. The weight of these species is up to 160 – 200 kg (350 – 440 lb) in males, while females weigh around 110 – 120 kg (240 – 260 lb).
The longest Asiatic lion ever recorded was at 292 cm (115 inches), with the maximum shoulder height is up to 107 cm (42 inches). Asiatic lions are considered to be highly social animals and they tend to live in smaller groups. They primarily prey on antelope, wild boar, sambar, chital, water buffalo, and chinkara. 6Woolly Flying Squirrel Woolly Flying Squirrel (Courtesy wonders-world.com) The woolly flying squirrel is the lone species of genus Eupetaurus.
Not more than 11 skins were gathered in the 19th century but the latest research development reveals out that there are some individuals dwelling in the Pakistani part of Kashmir. According to a study, woolly flying squirrel is the most massive gliding animal known and it glides efficiently like other flying squirrels. They are known to reside in Gilgit (Pakistan). Some of the specimens have also been caught in Gorabad, Yunnan (China), Tibet, Chitral (Pakistan), and Balti Gali.
These animals prefer to live in the conifer forests that are related to the cliffs and caves. The length of these squirrels measure around 45 – 60 cm (18 – 24 inches) 7Sei Whale | Endangered Animals in India Sei Whale The sei whale is a baleen whale and is being the third-largest rorqual that comes after the blue whale and fin whale. Sei whale is known to occupy almost all the major oceans including deep offshore water except in Polar Regions and tropical waters.
These animals migrate each year from cool waters to the moderate or subtropical waters in summer. They reach a length of around 19.5 meters (64 feet), with the weight measures at 28 tonnes (28 short tons). The sei whale consumes as much as 900 kg (2,000 lb). The sei whale preys on krill, zooplankton, copepods, and cetaceans. They are capable to reach a speed of about 50 km/h (31 mph) through in short bursts.
8Wild Water Buffalo Wild Water Buffalo The wild water buffalo also known as Asian Buffalo, is a large bovine endemic to the Southeast Asia. These animals are regarded as highly endangered species by the IUCN. There are no more than 4,000 individuals left in the wild, amongst which 3,100 lives in Assam, India. These buffaloes are the second largest bovid that comes after the gaur. The African buffalo is closely associated with the water buffalo.
These buffaloes weigh as much as 700 – 1,200 kg (1,500 – 2,600 lb). They can reach a length of 240 – 300 cm (94 – 120 inches), with a tail measuring at 60 – 100 cm (24 – 39 inches). Wild water buffalo measures around 150 – 190 cm in shoulder height.