Animal cruelty or protection? Learn about the pros and cons of zoos and join our debate and poll: Should there be zoos? Should animals be kept in captivity? Vote and explain your view on whether zoos are necessary or should be banned. Should animals be kept in zoos? Over 181 million people visit zoos and aquariums every year in the United States, and 25 million in the United Kingdom. Zoos have more visitors than the combined attendance of the four major sports leagues (NFL, NBA, MLB and NHL).
Despite their immense popularity, zoos have become increasingly controversial institutions. An increasing number of animal rights advocates and animal protection organizations are questioning the role of zoos in modern societies. The shocking evidence of animal abuse in some circuses, dolphinariums and zoos have pushed many environmental and wildlife activist groups to campaign for the closure of many of the institutions that keep wild animals in captivity.
To the question "should animals be kept in captivity?" the initial reaction of most people is rejection. Why should animals be kept in zoos? In an ideal world that would not be necessary, wild animals would roam freely in their natural habitats and we, humans, would find ways to observe them and learn about them without disrupting their lives. However, today on Earth due to population growth and urbanization many animal species are endangered and most people have very few opportunities to observe and learn from animals.
Jane Goodall, the famous British primatologist and one of the most important experts in chimpanzees in the world, has defended the role of zoos in helping us understand and preserve the life of wild animals (see video below). On the other hand, organizations such as PETA (People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals), Animal Aid and Born Free have initiated campaigns for the closure of zoos, arguing that most zoos deprive animals from their most basic needs and that animal abuse and suffering should not be a source of entertainment.
Do you think that zoos are an effective way to increase awareness about animal life? Do they really help preserve endangered species or it is more a business and a cruel source of entertainment? Is keeping animals in captivity a good way to ensure their future? Let's take a closer look at the advantages and disadvantages of zoos before we make up our minds. Watch this video with Jane Goodall on the role of zoos in saving animals [embedded content] Pros and cons of zoos These are the most common arguments in favor and against zoos.
Pros of zoos After the famous wildlife conservationist Geral Durrell opened a zoo in Jersey in 1959, zoos all over the world have embraced the mission of saving endangered species in the world. Zoos are not like the exotic animal menageries from the middle ages. They want to provide entertainment but they are greatly concerned with the protection of animals and their natural habitats. Zoos help raising awareness and funding for wildlife initiatives and research projects.
Animals are not always caged in zoos. Edinburgh was the first British zoo to follow the idea of displaying animals without bars. The Chester and Whipsnade zoological parks where the first two non-urban zoos without cages and larger enclosures. They opened in 1931. In the 1960s The drive-through safari parks became very popular. Ever since there has been an increasing public concern about animal welfare in zoos.
Zoos are monitored and follow strict regulation in most developed countries. There is less room for animal cruelty in zoos than ever before in history. Most people working in zoos are true animal lovers. Veterinary doctors, zoologist, voluntary staff, etc. chose to work in zoos because they like animals, and wanted to work closely with them and help them thrive. Education is another positive feature of zoos.
Many children and adults in cities can only see wild animals in TV or the Internet. Zoos offer them the unique experience of contemplating real animals. They can smell them, see how they move and listen their sounds. This is a much more vivid and enriching experience than the one you can get through a screen. Thanks to zoos kids and adult develop empathy toward animals. Zoos are key for research. Being able to observe and study animals is crucial if we want to contribute to help them and repair the ecosystems.
They also help redice human-animal conflicts and better understand the needs and psychology of animals. Zoos serve as laboratories to learn more about how to fight animal diseases and develop effective animal anaesthetics and other treatments to help more animals in the future. Another pro of zoos is their role in animal reproduction. Zoos study animal breeding and thanks to them many wild animals in captivity can reproduce.
This is particularly important in the case of endangered species. Due to the low density of the population of some animals in their natural ecosystems they struggle to find partners. Some populations in the wild are weakened by endogamy too. In zoos vets and biologist help to prevent inbreeding. Cons of zoos Animal cruelty in zoos continues to be extremely common. There are continuous cases of animals abused by visitors and zoo workers.
Many of them are reported every week in the media, however, the large majority are kept secret and those responsible are never held accountable or punished. Animals in captivity are deprived of many things that are important to them, as a result they become lonely and bored. Many of them suffer from "zoochosis", a psychological condition characterized by repetitive and obsessive behaviors including vomiting, excessive grooming, coprophagia and self-mutilation.
Most animals in zoos still live in small enclosures and cages. There are Safari Parks and large zoos in which animals have more space and live in an enviroment slightly more similar to their natural habitat .however, the large majority of zoos in the world are much smaller and have less economic means than the big zoos we often see in the media such as the San Diego Zoo, the Berlin Zoological Garden, the San Louis Zoo, etc.
In zoos many animals sicken and die because they contract diseases from other animals and species. Zoos usually group animals from many different parts of the world with very distinct immunological systems. People also have been sickened from diseases contracted from animals in zoos. Many zoos do little for research or animal protection. They are simply businesses run with the sole purpose of making money.
Their concern for animals is secondary. Cost efficiency often means they move animal welfare down in the list of priorities. Zoos and aquariums have incentivized the illegal hunt of animals. Historically poachers have hunted and sold wild animals for zoos all over the world. Although this practice is increasingly prosecuted in most countries, there are still small zoos and aquariums which acquire their animals without paying much attention to their origin.
From an ethical point of view zoos are also questionable. Zoos are a typical form of family entertainment, but associating leisure and fun with the contemplation of animals in captivity can send the wrong signals to our children. Zoos can be construed as a sadistic pleasure. Do you think zoos are necessary? Do the cons of zoos outweight their benefits? Should we boycott or ban zoos? Vote and join our debate (see below) Watch this video on "zoochosis" and the living conditions of animals in captivity [embedded content] Pros and cons of zoos: Should animals be kept in zoos? Vote and tell us why you find zoos good or bad Vote to see result and collect 1 XP.
Your vote is anonymous.If you change your mind, you can change your vote simply by clicking on another option.See Also: South Boston Animal Hospital
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Away from a jungle of rain-washed pines and junipers spearing the hot blueness in the Florida sky, ran a little, tawny-haired boy. His bare toes, extending from his overalled legs, crackled in opposition to the fallen palmettos. He leaped into the air, flinging his arms towards a flock of white doves circling higher than him.
Zoos are present all over the world, it is a great way for people to learn about wild animals without having to put themselves in danger, or travel to other parts of the world. People want to admire these animals and the power of nature itself, but many are not aware of the circumstances and lives that caged animals lead. People should questions themselves about how these animals live inside the zoo.
Would they have a better life in the wild? Is the zoo preserving the existence of this species? The thing is, these issues are directly related to environmental problems. Although most people who visit the zoo don’t think about these issues, other people do, and there are incredibly heated debates about this subject pretty much everywhere – provided we look for these debates. Pros of Zoos 1. As far as animal rights go, zoos play a crucial role.
It is well debated that animals have no rights in zoos, but we need to look at things from another point of view. If we look at how animals are being hunted right now, we can see how zoos are great for them. Animals are being hunted down for a lot of reasons, including their fur, ivory, some medical benefits (that aren’t proven), and sometimes even for their meat. This is terrible, and zoos can act as safe havens for these animals.
2. Animals have been subjected to cruel treatment in the past when they were in zoos. This has changed, however, because people actually knew about it and noticed it, and it damaged the reputation of zoos itself and threatened their business. They realized this and their treatment towards animals has been continuously improving over time. In fact, animals are started to get the treatment of kings when they are in zoos, all because they are the livelihood of the business.
Moreover, the few zoos that mistreated animals have been caught, and are being targeted for these actions. 3. When it comes to education, zoos are also playing a very important role. School children are curious about animals and see them everywhere in their daily lives, and an opportunity to go to the zoo and see them for real is amazing for them. With this opportunity, they enjoy learning about animals and endangered species.
Zoos have added signs to most places where animals are located in order to inform people about them too, including their natural habitat, how many there still are in the world, what they eat, and so on. Not only school children, but pretty much everyone can get informed about animals at zoos, as they start to raise awareness towards important issues regarding animals. 4. Finally, zoos are crucial to protect endangered species.
As mentioned before, animals are being hunted down pretty much for existing, and zoos are keeping them safe against hunters and other types of malicious people. Zoos aren’t paradise, obviously, but they do act as a safe haven for these hunted animals. [embedded content] List of Cons of Zoos 1. Capturing animals is cruel, period. Animals have their own rights, and they have their own lives in the wild.
Capturing them destroys their routines and their way of life. For example elephants travel long distances in the wild in large groups that is their way of life. When elephants are in a zoo, they can’t travel long distances, in fact, the amount they can move can barely be named as worthy of travel. 2. Moreover, animals that are confined to the zoo suffer from negative psychological effects due to the confinement.
It doesn’t really matter how good the facilities of the zoo are, or how much space the animal has for itself, it will still not be comparable in any way to the freedom they would have in the wild. 3. Furthermore, animals that are born in zoos and confined to their boundaries their whole life never get to see their natural habitat, and never get to live life like they should be living it. This is something that can be noticed by their abnormal behavior, since they’re not where they should be – it is not natural for them.
If these animals ever get released to the wild for any reason, they will have an extremely difficult time adapting to their natural habitat, because they had absolutely no former experience of it. They were taken care of all their lives, and now have to provide for themselves, something they are not used to. 4. Regarding education in zoos, although they do provide a lot of it, most of us go to the zoo as a way to spend time and for recreational purposes.
No one really goes visit the zoo with the same mentality people visit the museum with. Moreover, some visitors actually don’t care about the well-being of animals, and many of them actually abuse them by throwing them objects, teasing them, yelling at them, and so on. This kind of behavior has an extremely negative effect on animals, and it can often result in psychological damage to animals, and sometimes it can even prove to be fatal.
Animals caged in zoos aren’t able to exhibit their natural behavior as they should, and teasing them will greatly damage their self-confidence and their comfort in the zoo itself. [embedded content] 316 0 Shares Previous Article Violent Video Games Pros and Cons List Next Article Andrew Jackson Pros and Cons List