According to the Red Data List of International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), there are 48 critically endangered species in India (as of 5 September 2011). The Red List of 2012 was released at the Rio+20 Earth Summit . It contains 132 species of plants and animals in India listed as critically endangered. Critically endangered in India Arthropoda Rameshwaram parachute spider (Poecilotheria hanumavilasumica) Peacock tarantula (Poecilotheria metallica) Birds White-bellied heron (Ardea insignis) Great Indian bustard (Ardeotis nigriceps) Forest owlet (Athene blewitti) Baer's pochard (Aythya baeri) Spoon-billed sandpiper (Calidris pygmaea) Siberian crane (Grus leucogeranus) White-rumped vulture (Gyps bengalensis) Indian vulture (Gyps indicus) Slender-billed vulture (Gyps tenuirostris) Bengal florican (Houbaropsis bengalensis) Bugun liocichla (Liocichla bugunorum) Himalayan quail (Ophrysia superciliosa) Jerdon's courser (Rhinoptilus bitorquatus) Pink-headed duck (Rhodonessa caryophyllacea) Red-headed vulture (Sarcogyps calvus) Sociable lapwing (Vanellus gregarius) Fish Wayanad mahseer (Barbodes wynaadensis) Pondicherry shark (Carcharhinus hemiodon) Ganges shark (Glyphis gangeticus) Glyptothorax kashmirensis (Glyptothorax kashmirensis) Kudremukh glyptothorax (Glyptothorax kudremukhensis) Nilgiri Mystus (Hemibagrus punctatus) Horalabiosa arunachalami (Horalabiosa arunachalami) Hypselobarbus pulchellus (Hypselobarbus pulchellus) Red Canarese barb (Hypselobarbus thomassi) Deccan labeo (Labeo potail) Mesonoemacheilus herrei (Mesonoemacheilus herrei) Bovany barb (Neolissochilus bovanicus) Deolali minnow (Parapsilorhynchus prateri) Pookode Lake barb (Pethia pookodensis) Common sawfish (Pristis pristis) Largetooth sawfish (Pristis microdon) Longcomb sawfish (Pristis zijsron) Psilorhynchus tenura (Psilorhynchus tenura) Deccan barb (Puntius deccanensis) Schistura papulifera (Schistura papulifera) Insects Pygmy Hog Sucking Louse (Haematopinus oliveri) Reptiles and amphibians Madras spotted skink (Barkudia insularis) Northern river terrapin (Batagur baska) Red-crowned roofed turtle (Batagur kachuga) Cnemaspis anaikattiensis(Cnemaspis anaikattiensis) Hawksbill sea turtle (Eretmochelys imbricata) Gharial (Gavialis gangeticus) Ghats wart frog (Fejervarya murthii) Jeypore ground gecko (Geckoella jeyporensis) Gundia Indian frog (Indirana gundia) Toad-skinned frog (Indirana phrynoderma) Charles Darwin's frog (Ingerana charlesdarwini) Rao's torrent frog (Micrixalus kottigeharensis) Dattatreya night frog (Nyctibatrachus dattatreyaensis) Sacred grove bushfrog (Philautus sanctisilvaticus) Amboli bush frog (Pseudophilautus amboli) White-spotted bush frog (Raorchestes chalazodes) Green eyed bushfrog (Raorchestes chlorosomma) Griet bush frog (Raorchestes griet) Kaikatti bushfrog (Raorchestes kaikatti) Mark's bushfrog (Raorchestes marki) Munnar bush frog (Raorchestes munnarensis) Ponmudi bush frog (Raorchestes ponmudi) Resplendent shrubfrog (Raorchestes resplendens) Shillong bubble-nest frog (Raorchestes shillongensis) Anaimalai flying frog (Rhacophorus pseudomalabaricus) Sushil's bushfrog (Raorchestes sushili) Amboli toad (Xanthophryne tigerina) Ghats wart frog (Zakerana murthii) Mammals Asiatic cheetah} (Acinonyx jubatus venaticus) [a] Namdapha flying squirrel (Biswamoyopterus biswasi) Himalayan wolf ("Canis himalayensis") Elvira rat (Cremnomys elvira) Andaman shrew (Crocidura andamanensis) Jenkins' shrew (Crocidura jenkinsi) Nicobar shrew (Crocidura nicobarica) Northern Sumatran rhinoceros (Dicerorhinus sumatrensis lasiotis) [a] Chinese pangolin (Manis pentadactyla) Kondana soft-furred rat (Millardia kondana) Pygmy hog (Porcula salvania) Indian Javan rhinoceros (Rhinoceros sondaicus inermis) [a] Malabar large-spotted civet (Viverra civettina) Endangered Fish Knifetooth sawfish (Anoxypristis cuspidata) Asian arowana (Scleropages formosus) Red line torpedo barb (Sahyadria denisonii) Golden Mahaseer (Tor putitora) Birds Steppe Eagle (Aquila nipalensis) Great Knot (Calidris tenuirostris) Masked Finfoot (Heliopais personatus) Greater Adjutant (Leptoptilos dubius) White-bellied Blue Robin (Myiomela albiventris) Nilgiri Blue Robin (Myiomela major) White-headed Duck (Oxyura leucocephala) Green Peafowl (Pavo muticus) Narcondam hornbill (Rhyticero) Spotted Greenshank (Tringa guttifer) Banasura Laughingthrush (Trochalopteron jerdoni) Reptiles Perrotet's Vine Snake (Ahaetulla perroteti) Three-striped Roofed Turtle (Batagur dhongoka) Green Turtle (Chelonia mydas) Indian Narrow-headed Softshell Turtle (Chitra indica) Goan Day Gecko (Cnemaspis goaensis) Wyanad Day Gecko (Cnemaspis wynadensis) Keeled Box Turtle (Cuora mouhotii) Boulenger's Dasia (Dasia subcaerulea) Poona Skink (Eurylepis poonaensis) Inger's Mabuya (Eutropis clivicola) Yellow-headed Tortoise (Indotestudo elongata) Asian forest tortoise (Manouria emys) Indian Kangaroo Lizard (Otocryptis beddomii) Assam Roofed Turtle (Pangshura sylhetensis) Asian Giant Softshell Turtle (Pelochelys cantorii) Travancore Hills Thorntail Snake (Platyplectrurus madurensis) Travancore Earth Snake (Rhinophis travancoricus) Cochin Forest Cane Turtle (Vijayachelys silvatica) Mammals Red panda (Ailurus fulgens) Sei whale (Balaenoptera borealis) Blue whale (Balaenoptera musculus) Fin whale (Balaenoptera physalus) Banteng (Bos javanicus) Wild water buffalo (Bubalus arnee) Hispid hare (Caprolagus hispidus) Dhole (Cuon alpinus) Indian elephant (Elephas maximus indicus) Woolly flying squirrel (Eupetaurus cinereus) Kolar leaf-nosed bat (Hipposideros hypophyllus) Lion-tailed macaque (Macaca silenus) White-bellied musk deer (Moschus leucogaster) Servant mouse (Mus famulus) Mandelli's mouse-eared bat (Myotis sicarius) Nilgiri tahr (Nilgiritragus hylocrius) Asiatic lion (Panthera leo persica) Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris tigris) Ganges river dolphin (Platanista gangetica gangetica) Gee's golden langur (Trachypithecus geei) Nicobar treeshrew (Tupaia nicobarica) Vulnerable Listed by the IUCN As of 2012: Mammals Gaur (Bos gaurus) Yak (Bos grunhniens) Takin (Budorcas taxicolor) Barasingha (Rucervus duvaucelii) Clouded leopard (Neofelis nebulosa) Dugong (Dugong dugon) Sun bear (Helarctos malayanus) Stump-tailed macaque (Macaca arctoides) Marbled cat (Pardofelis marmorata) Sperm whale (Physeter macrocephalus) Rusty-spotted cat (Prionailurus rubiginosus) Indian rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis) Snow leopard (Uncia uncia) Birds Sarus crane (Antigone antigone) Nicobar megapode (Megapodius nicobariensis) Dalmatian pelican (Pelecanus crispus) Reptiles and amphibians Olive ridley sea turtle Notes ^ a b c Extinct from India See also Fauna of India Mammals of India Endangered mammals of India References ^ "Extinction Animals (Press Release)".
Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India. 2012-01-01. Retrieved 2011-09-05. ^ Red list has 132 species of plants, animals from India ^ http://www.iucnredlist.org/current-news ^ Extinction threat 'a call to world leaders' at Rio Earth Summit ^ "Endangered Mammal List". Wildlife Institute of India (WII). Archived from the original on 2007-07-04. Retrieved 2007-08-06. v t e Threatened species by region By region Blue-listed Environmental Vulnerability Index Regional Red List Australasia Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 ROTAP Threatened Species Protection Act 1995 Threatened ecological community Trade in Endangered Species Act 1989 Canada Species at Risk Act Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife in Canada Europe European Endangered Species Programme Funds for Endangered Parrots South Africa Endangered Wildlife Trust United States Distinct population segment Endangered Species Act of 1973 Endangered Species Act Amendments of 1978 Endangered species recovery plan Endangered Wolf Center National Wildlife Refuge NatureServe conservation status The Nature Conservancy Lists Asia List of endangered and protected species of China Endangered mammals of India List of endangered animals in India List of endangered species in Pakistan List of threatened species of the Philippines List of endangered species in Vietnam Europe Threatened mammals of Europe Endangered plants of Europe List of United Kingdom Biodiversity Action Plan species List of extinct and endangered species of Italy List of extinct and endangered species of Lithuania North America List of endangered plants in North America List of endangered species in North America Endangered mammals and birds of the United States List of threatened mammals of the United States List of threatened birds of the United States List of threatened reptiles and amphibians of the United States Elsewhere Threatened fauna of Australia List of threatened flora of Australia List of endangered flora of Brazil List of threatened mammals of Brazil List of threatened birds of Brazil v t e Threatened species Template: Threatened species by region IUCN Red List Categories1 Extinct Extinct (EX) Extinct in the Wild (EW) Threatened Critically Endangered (CR) Endangered (EN) Vulnerable (VU) Lower risk Near Threatened (NT) Least Concern (LC) Lower Risk (LR) Conservation Dependent (LR/cd) Not fully assessed Data Deficient (DD) Not Evaluated (NE) Species Lists Extinct Extinct in the Wild Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable Near Threatened Least Concern Data Deficient WP categories Extinct Extinct in the Wild Critically Endangered Endangered Vulnerable Near Threatened Least Concern Data Deficient CITES Appendix I Appendix II Appendix III By taxa Endangered arthropods / spiders Threatened Banksia / rays / sharks / Fungi / Chromista The World's 25 Most Endangered Primates The world's 100 most threatened species Conservation Biodiversity action plan Biodiversity threats Conservation biology CITES ARKive Bird conservation Conservation status Conservation-reliant species Ecoregion conservation status Habitat destruction Latent extinction risk Rare species Vulnerability and susceptibility 1 Pre-2001 categories and subcategories shown in italics.
Retrieved from "https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=List_of_endangered_animals_in_India&oldid=821562106"See Also: Titanic Sinking Animation 3d
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The world is filled with endangered species of animals, many of which can be found in India. While some of these species are critically endangered, some are near threatened and some are even extinct. There are some species that are left in such few numbers that your next generation may not be able to ever see them, if nothing is done for their conservation. While we hope that more efforts are taken to conserve these species, here’s a list of some endangered animals that you can find in different parts of India.
1. Bengal Tiger The Bengal Tiger is the national animal of both, India and Bangladesh. The tiger’s coat is yellow to light orange, with stripes ranging from dark brown to black. The number of tigers has reduced dramatically in the past few years, due to poaching and human-tiger conflict. Can be spotted at: Tadoba National Park, Ranthambore National Park, Sundarbans National Park, Sariska Tiger Reserve, Jim Corbett National Park, Bandhavgarh National Park ALSO READ Top 5 off-beat wildlife tours in India 2.
Asiatic Lion Asiatic Lion aka the Indian Lion or Persian Lion is a lion subspecies which is endangered. It differs from the African lion by less inflated auditory bullae, a larger tail tuft and a less developed mane. Can be spotted at: Gir Forest National Park, Gujarat 3. Snow Leopard The snow leopard is a large cat native to the mountain ranges in Central and South Asia. Snow leopards have long, thick fur, and their base color varies from smoky gray to yellowish tan, with whitish under parts.
Can be spotted at: Hemis National Park, Ladakh, Nanda Devi National Park, Uttarakhand, Dibang Wildlife Sanctuary, Arunachal Pradesh, Kibber Wildlife Sanctuary, Lahaul Spiti, Himachal Pradesh, Pin Valley National Park, Lahaul Spiti, Himachal Pradesh, Great Himalayan National Park, Kullu, Himachal Pradesh. 4. Blackbuck The Blackbuck is an ungulate species of antelope and it is near threatened. The main threat to this species is poaching, predation, habitat destruction, overgrazing, inbreeding and sanctuary visitors.
ALSO READ 10 National parks and wildlife sanctuaries every wildlife photography enthusiast must visit Can be spotted at: Guindy National park, Tamil Nadu, Rollapadu, Andhra Pradesh, Chilka, Orissa 5. Red Panda Red Panda is also known as lesser panda or red cat-bear. It is an arboreal mammal native to the eastern Himalayas. Red Panda’s population is on a decrease given to habitat loss and fragmentation, poaching, and inbreeding depression.
Can be spotted at: Sikkim, Arunachal Pradesh and West Bengal’s Khangchendzonga and Namdapha National Park. 6. One Horned Rhinoceros The One-horned rhino is a large mammal, found in Assam.Excessive hunting has reduced the number of this species. These rhinos are killed to saw off their horn, which are sold at a very high value. Can be spotted at: Kaziranga National Park, Dudhwa Tiger Reserve, Pobitora Wildlife Sanctuary 7.
The Nilgiri Tahr The Nilgiri Tahr is an ungulate, endemic to the Nilgiri Hills. Nilgiri tahrs are stocky goats with short, coarse fur and a bristly mane. Can be spotted at: Eravikulam National Park, Nilgiri Hills, Anaimalai Hills, Periyar National Park, Palni Hills 8. Kashmir Red Stag (Hangul) The Kashmir stag also known as Hangul is a critically endangered species. This deer has a light rump patch without including the tail.
Each of its antlers consists of 5 tines. Can be spotted at: Dachigam National Park, Rajparian Wildlife Sanctuary, Overa Aru, Sind Valley, and in the forests of Kishtwar and Bhaderwah, all of which are a part of Jammu and Kashmir. 9. Lion Tailed Macaque The Lion-tailed macaque is an Old World Monkey, endemic to the Western Ghats of South India. Its outstanding characteristic is the silver-white mane which surrounds the head from the cheeks down to chin.
Can be spotted at: Silent Valley National Park, Kerala, Papanasam part of the Kalakkad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve, Tamil Nadu and Sirsi-Honnavara rainforests of North-Western Ghats in Karnataka. 10. Indian Bison (Gaur) Indian Bison is the largest extant bovine, native to South Asia and South-East Asia. The bisons are highly threatened by poaching for trade to supply international markets. Can be spotted at: Arignar Anna Zoological Park, Chennai and Chinnar Wildlife Sanctuary, Kerala.