It’s easy to dismiss Jackson Pollock's No. 5, 1948 as a senseless splatter of paint—but even if you can’t appreciate its aesthetic, this piece has a history that’s worth its weight in house paint and stacks of cash. Here are 10 facts about the late artist's masterpiece, on what would have been his 106th birthday. 1. IT'S A KEY WORK IN THE ABSTRACT EXPRESSIONIST MOVEMENT. In the wake of World War II, New York City artists like Pollock, Barnett Newman, and Willem de Kooning began pushing the boundaries of their paintings in a direction that would be dubbed "Abstract Expressionism" by art critic Robert Coates in 1946.
This wave of modern art made New York the center of the art world, thanks in part to the movement's embrace by esteemed collector and patron Peggy Guggenheim. Pollock's contribution was his drip paintings, of which No. 5, 1948 is his most famous. 2. POLLOCK USED A UNIQUE METHOD TO MAKE HIS DRIPS. Rather than working from an easel, Pollock would place his canvas on the ground and pace around it, applying paint by dripping it from hardened brushes, sticks, and basting syringes.
Pollock had only begun experimenting in this form the year before No. 5, 1948's creation, but his style soon became so signature he was dubbed "Jack the Dripper." In 1947, he told the magazine Possibilities, “On the floor I am more at ease. I feel nearer, more part of the painting, since this way I can walk around it, work from the four sides, and literally be in the painting.” 3. NO. 5, 1948 IS A MARKER OF THE BIRTH OF "ACTION PAINTING.
" Drip painting came to seen as a form of "action painting," which American art critic Harold Rosenberg defined in a 1952 essay, declaring, "Action Painting has to do with self-creation or self-definition or self-transcendence; but this dissociates it from self-expression, which assumes the acceptance of the ego as it is, with its wound and its magic." 4. POLLOCK DIDN'T DO ANY SKETCHES OR PRE-PLANNING FOR NO.
5, 1948. Pollock's works were revolutionary on several levels. For centuries, artists had sketched out or test-run their large-scale paintings. But not Pollock, who was instead guided by emotion and intuition as he wove around his fiberboard base, dropping and flinging paint as his muse demanded. He abandoned brushstrokes in favor of drips and splashes, and set the art world on fire with his impromptu masterworks.
5. HE USED UNCONVENTIONAL PAINTS FOR NO. 5, 1948. An important element of the drip method was paint with a fluid viscosity that would allow for smooth pouring. This requirement meant traditional oil paints and watercolors were out. Instead, Pollock began experimenting with synthetic gloss enamel paints that were making old-school, oil-based house paints obsolete. Though this clever innovation was praised, Pollock shrugged it off as “a natural growth out of a need.
” 6. FOR A TIME, NO. 5, 1948 WAS THE WORLD'S MOST EXPENSIVE PAINTING. On June 18, 2006, Gustav Klimt's Adele Bloch-Bauer I sold for $135 million, making it the highest priced painting in the world. Less than five months later, No. 5, 1948 fetched $140 million. In 2011, this title was snatched by one of Paul Cézanne's Card Players, with a price tag of $250 million. 7. IT'S A MASSIVE WORK. No.
5, 1948 measures in at 8 feet by 4 feet. The Guardian notes that this means each square foot is worth over $4 million. 8. NO. 5, 1948 WAS POSSIBLY SOLD TO FUND A BID FOR THE LOS ANGELES TIMES. The New York Times reported entertainment tycoon David Geffen may have unloaded No. 5, 1948 in that 2006 sale, along with pieces by Jasper Johns and Willem de Kooning, in an effort to pull together enough capital to purchase the established newspaper.
The sale of these three paintings netted $283.5 million. Yet Geffen never did buy the LA Times, even though he tried repeatedly. Once, he even offered $2 billion. In cash. 9. NO. 5, 1948 WASN'T POLLOCK'S ONLY RECORD BREAKER. In 1973, Pollock’s 1952 piece Blue Poles sold for $2 million. While nowhere near as expensive as No. 5, 1948, that figure was enough to make it the highest price paid for a contemporary American work at that time.
Sadly, Pollock never saw either of his pieces make art history—a car accident on August 11, 1956, cut his life painfully short. 10. NO. 5, 1948 AND ITS SIBLINGS STILL MYSTIFY A LOT OF VIEWERS. While the art critics gush and collectors lay down millions for an auctioned Pollock piece, a good portion of the public is still confounded by the artist's output 60-plus years later. Every time one of his paintings sells for millions, articles pop up asking why.
The short answer is, though his drip paintings may not be accessible, they were seminal, changing the way we think of art itself. They may not be traditionally pretty. But they are both art and art history.See Also: Watch Anime Cartoons Online Free
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Away from a jungle of rain-washed pines and junipers spearing the new blueness in the Florida sky, ran a small, tawny-haired boy. His bare ft, extending from his overalled legs, crackled in opposition to the fallen palmettos. He leaped into your air, flinging his arms toward a flock of white doves circling above him.
Updated info: Caring pet owners regard their animal friends as dear members of their own family and treat them with the love and respect they deserve. And this is exactly why when the time comes to ship pets to another state within the country, their safety is a major concern for their respective masters.Above all, it is imperative that each and every step of the shipping process is planned well: some big decisions are to be made and a number of important tasks to be completed long before the actual relocation of the animal in question takes place.
So, when it comes to shipping live animals across the country, we have prepared this comprehensive guide to the available options you have and the safety measures you need to take to make sure your furry (or hairless) friend arrives at his destination safe and sound. Read on to learn how to ship pets to another state regardless of whether you own a dog, a cat, or a bird. Remember that keeping your animal friend calm, safe, and healthy during the transit is your number one priority.
How to prepare my pet for cross country shipping Visit your family vet The very first thing you need to do while preparing your pet for a cross country move is to take him to your trusted family vet or another licensed veterinarian for a full checkup. Unhealthy animals will have a very hard time on the road and can pose a major threat to other animals during transit. Furthermore, unfortunate circumstances during the state to state moving could prove too much for pets who were unfit for travel in the first place.
So, it’s essential that your dog, cat, bird or any other kind of pet you may have begins the relocation ordeal in good physical health. A visit to a licensed vet before shipping your animal to another state is a must do step. Share your future travel plans with the vet and ask them what you can do to significantly ease the stress during the relocation journey of your animal friend. The doctor may prescribe anti-anxiety medication and can give you some valuable tips on how to make the entire moving experience problem-free.
Even though sedation when flying is not advised due to possible unpredictable side effects, if your vet strongly recommends that your per be tranquilized, you’ll be better off following an approved specialist’s advice than your own intuition. Get the paperwork in order While still at the vet’s office, request a health certificate that proves your loved one is perfectly fit for the trip. For air travel, that official document is called Airline Veterinary Health Certificate and needs to be issued from 7 to 10 days prior to shipping your pet across the country.
Contact your airline to obtain more information about the necessary documentation. Also, don’t forget to request a copy of your pal’s vaccination certificate, for it may be required either by your airline company, your licensed pet transportation company or the destination state, or by all of them. Sometimes pets are not allowed to leave the airport if they don’t have the right vaccination shots, so if in doubt, always check with the airport authorities.
How to choose the right shipping container? Regardless of the method you have chosen for shipping your per to another state (see below), you can’t go without getting a suitable pet container for maximum comfort and safety during transportation. If you already have a good pet kennel, check again if it meets all the requirements stated below. If it doesn’t, you’re going to have to purchase a new one that does.
Size Some pets are masterful jailbreakers at heart. Your pet kennel should be big enough so that your pal can sit erect, stand and lie down in a natural position. Also, regulations require that your animal can turn around freely and comfortably in their shipping container, and that their head do not touch the top while in sitting or standing. Construction Your kennel should be made of a rigid material (wood, plastic or metal) and have a solid top and ventilation openings on at least three of its sides.
The door and its hardware parts (nuts, bolts, latches, locking mechanisms) must be made of metal and be in perfect operating condition. Also, your pet container should have a handle that will enable either you or the transportation personnel to handle the crate without any direct contact with the animal. Additional Requirements Your pet carrier should be equipped with a latch on its door. The latter must never be secured with a lock in case your pet needs to be taken out in an emergency.
The kennel should have removable wheels or be wheel-less altogether to avoid any undesirable movement during the journey. Don’t forget to label your pet carrier the right way with “THIS SIDE UP” and “LIVE ANIMAL” stickers. You’ll need to attach your emergency contact information, as well as your pet’s name and recent photo on one side of the crate. The pet carrier should have 2 empty dishes (one for water and one for food) fastened inside it but accessible from the outside without the need of opening the metal door.
Make sure you place appropriate bedding or absorbent materials, such as towels and blankets inside the pet carrier. How to ship a pet to another state Now that you’ve taken your pet to see the vet and chosen the best shipping container for the trip, it’s time for you to decide how you’re going to ship your animal to another state. Basically, you have two applicable options: Shipping your pet by air Show your pet how much you care for him by making sure the pet carrier is as comfortable and safe as possible.
If your pet is not a dog or a cat, call your airline company and check if he is on the list of “Accepted Live Animals” and will be allowed to be shipped. If yes, then make a reservation for your pal as soon as possible, regardless of whether he will be making the flight with you or by himself. Some airline companies permit a limited number of small pets to fly in the cabin with you, so be sure to ask if you qualify for that advantageous service.
Having already acquired the necessary health certificate and obtained the right shipping container, you’re required to feed and water your animal friend no more than 4 hours before you reach the airport. And once you’re there (at least 2 hours before the departure), check in your pet at the baggage counter if he’s riding with you in the plane cabin or head to the air freight office if he’ll be traveling as cargo.
Shipping your pet by land The road transportation of live animals is considered by many specialists to be the safer of the two options because of the unpredictable effects that high altitude can have on some species. Your own vehicle Most pets are highly sensitive and can have a strong reaction to abrupt changes. One good way to transport your pet to another state is to drive him there with your own vehicle.
If your dog, car or another lovable animal is not accustomed to riding in your car, then the road trip could become too stressful for him. It’s your obligation to lessen his anxiety and fears by observing the following 3 rules: Take along some household items that your animal is familiar with and likes to be around. Such favorite objects (blankets, toys, food, etc.) will have a general calming effect on your loved one and will make him less nervous and anxious about the immediate unknown.
Frequent road stops for fresh air and short walks (if applicable) are a great idea for a fairly smooth relocation experience. If you need to spend the night at a hotel, never leave your trusted friend in the car on his own but plan ahead and look for a pet-friendly hotel before the trip. Pet transportation companies Professional moving companies that specialize in household relocation list pets as non-allowable items and will not move them for safety reasons.
Luckily, there are professional pet movers who will not only drive your animal to your new home, but will make sure your pet stays 100% safe and happy along the way. Here’s what you must know before hiring the services of a pet transportation company: Don’t worry – professional pet movers will take good care of your animal friend. Pet transportation companies must be properly licensed by the U.
S. Department of Agriculture as a carrier in case they deal with “regulated animals” (no licensing is needed for transporting unregulated animals, such as birds, fish or reptiles). Your future pet carrier should provide suitable insurance which will cover loss, injury or death of your animal friend while in their possession. Note that pet transportation insurance policies do not usually cover illness or natural death.
Experience with specific types of animals is a key factor when choosing a professional pet carrier. Hiring pet movers who specialize in shipping cats and dogs may not be the best course of action if you’re looking for a way to relocate your horse. Don’t forget to hand the live animal transportation company your pet’s health certificates, detailed instruction how to reach the final destination and your contact information in case of an emergency.
Shipping your pet by rail “Know thyself”: the path to self-discovery begins with wonder. Shipping live animals by train is not really an option for you because Amtrak does not allow pets onboard its trains (except for service animals), in the passenger areas of its train stations or in checked baggage. Thus said, Amtrak does have a new pilot program that has been sponsored by the state of Illinois where passengers can now take their small dogs or cats onboard select trains.
Learn more about the Amtrak pilot program here. Related: How moving affects dogs Do you have any experience shipping animals to another state? Would you like to share some useful tips in the comment box below? Thanks!